Since the creation of Humanity, Mankind has achieved enormous progress in converting the earth into more beneficial and a better place to live in. On the one hand, these achievements made the humans` lifestyle easier and more comfortable. But on the other hand, the ramifications of these achievements are totally obvious on the earth. With the great progress made by Mankind, the same hand misused and wasted most of the natural resources of the Earth. Therefore, Ecologists started to study the ruinous impact of human on the earth and to make researches to find out the reasons for that impact. They discovered that the impact stems of three basic elements; environmental, social and economic needs. From these points, the idea of sustainability rose to face the abuse of mankind towards the earth and to spread more awareness of the importance of our planet, the Earth.
Sustainability was first mentioned by Brundtland Commission of the United Nations. They defined the term as “improving the quality of human life while living within the carrying capacity of supporting eco-systems”. Simply, Sustainability is telling us that there is no more capacity on Earth to maintain the remnants of the developed technology. Every country desires a growing economy to improve their social living. However, that growth often leads to critical environmental issues like oil spills, risky waste, loss of rain forests, threatened species, acid rain, and the ozone layer, so there must be a long-term plan to find solutions for these problems so they could handle them. Issues like social and economical needs were fundamental factors in misusing the natural resources, for instance, tourism with its appreciated income to the majority of the countries around the world.
One of the main points that were connected with sustainability is Tourism as it plays an important role in consumption and conservation of resources. The term ‘Eco-tourism’ came to light to make travelers more conscious of the great impacts of tourism on the destinations they are going to visit and to enhance the feeling of appreciation toward the nature. Specifically, it stresses on personal maturation and environmental responsibility.
The terms Eco and Sustainable tourism are a matter of confusion in understanding their definitions. Eco-tourism is a term used for travel into remote and undisturbed areas for the aim of analyze, or to discover the attractive wild plants and animals. It also looks for an unexplored culture exists in those undisturbed areas. Sustainable tourism aims at satisfying the demands of the tourists, besides conserving and protecting the Eco-system. Furthermore, it handles the resources of an area to make good use of it to the economic, social and cultural demands of tourists. Eco-tourism can be determined as a branch included in the sustainable tourism. So, the idea of sustainable tourism came to light that countries and individuals around the world started to utilize its principles.
Eco-tourism comprises many levels that we can illustrate. First, “Minimize impact”, it means that tourists should minimize the repercussions they might cause in the destinations they are going to visit. Second, there must be a well environmental and Cultural knowledge of the destinations they are going to and also to pay respect for it. Third, tourists besides local people should get benefits, both environmental and financial by conservation and job opportunities for local people. Also they should respect the traditions and customs of the local people.
Egypt, as usual, contributes to sustain the idea of eco-tourism. So, many interested facilities in Egypt started to adopt one or more from the previous principles to share in the Earth Sustainability as they either giving the priority for hiring local people or providing them with an environmental awareness about water & electricity conservation. Moreover, they are really aware of the importance of the green areas on Earth. That’s why they are interested in conserving and planting trees besides increasing the green areas in general. Other facilities are keen on using only organic foods as everyone is aware of the impact of using chemical fertilizers on the land soil. In addition, they try to conserve the use of toxic-cleaning materials to avoid its bad effect on the eco-system. Last but not least, the idea of the recycling is the most useful and practiced one as it has its good benefits.
In brief, Eco-tourism is a really effective step forward to rescue the remained non- renewable resources by providing a good piece of information for visitors and hosts as well. So, Eco and Sustainable tourism is the best ideas were ever invented for the sake of our Earth planet. Those ideas are the hope for the continuation of all mankind on the Earth, the hope for Sustainability.